Scientists have discovered over 100 unnamed coral and other marine lives in southern Tasmania during an exploration trip to Australia.
Scientists have found a colorful "underwater garden" at a depth of up to two kilometers south of Tasmania, Australia. They used special cameras to test the 45 underwater mountains, searching for dozens of anonymous coral, lobster and mollusc species. The expedition also found bioluminescent squid, deep sea sharks and basket products.
Experts spent a month on a research vessel Researcher led by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization or CSIRO. It is an independent Australian government agency responsible for scientific research.
Scientists have studied the Tasmanian ridges, known as the Tasman fracture in Australia and the Huoni marine parks.
The coral they found are soft, which means it is different from the coral of the tropical reef.
Leading researcher at the expedition is Alan Williams of CSIRO.
"In such depths it is quite amazing that the coral reefs look in many ways similar to the shallow tropical areas, and so what we saw on the screens delivered in real time from the cameras were absolutely brilliant images of these extensive, sensitive, colorful and very rich coral reef systems, Williams said.
The research groups also received pictures of sustainable damage to the seabed caused by fishing crews. The trawl fishery was banned in the 1990s, but much of the region's coral is still recovering.
Experts say science knows more about the surface of the moon than the deep sea. Despite their research south of Tasmania, they still do not understand why clear corals can survive in the dark black world far below the sea surface.