Approximately one percent of breast cancer cases develop in men, much more often in the 60s and 70s. Generally, the same patient finds it because it detects some abnormalities in the breast that lead him to a doctor. For men, the first consultation is usually with a clinician who after the check shows the road ahead (tomography, mammography, laboratory analysis, hearing with a mastologist). Dr. Valeria El Haj explained to Página I12: "Breast Cancer is a lot of talk about women and it is very good because it is the one that causes more female deaths. the incidence is small, about one percent of the patients are men, but precisely because of this, the diagnosis and treatment are achieved at stages where the tumors are already well developed and then the prognosis becomes complicated. "
The symptoms that lead to a man listening to a doctor are the same as those presented by women: breast mass or thickening in or near the uterus lymph nodes, the size or shape of the breast (especially if the chest is different from the other), skin ruptures or wrinkles if the nipple turns inward, which comes out of the nose (especially if it has blood), gummy, flaking, red or swollen skin, nipple or areola (breast area around the nipple), breast openings that resemble orange skin skin (called orange skin skin). "There is a lack of breast cancer in men to begin late treatment There are patients who have had dermatologists with breast skin problems for many years now and no doctors have discovered this possibility and treated them in patients with some type of dermatitis.In fact, breast cancer metastasis is already exists, "demanded El Haj.
And how is it diagnosed? "Exactly the same as in women: mammography and breast ultrasound, these are two complementary studies that show biopsy, the only accurate confirmation that there is or is not cancerous tissue, can be obtained by tissue analysis, and here you can see what's the way forward," he said. doctor. It is rare to think of mammography in the male (you have to put the chest on the machine that weighs it slightly and through the X-rays it gets a picture of the internal tissue) but nature is wise … and El Haj says: "A very high percentage of men's breast cancer occurs in men over the age of 60. At this height, the development of fat tissue completely permits mammograms, of course, not all falls are cancerous, and it is not about cold panic and begin to require mammograms for everyone, so you have to be careful about the risk factors. "Many overweight men develop a fatty tissue on their chest called gynecomastia. This problem represents the formation of tumors.
The most important factor in family history is: "A patient who has previously had cancer in men in a family is more likely to be suffering from a disease, but it is more likely that it will not necessarily mean that you have cancer, but you need to know if symptoms occur. it takes into account to diagnose or eliminate it as soon as possible and to initiate treatment. "
Other factors include hormonal changes as overexpression exposes the tumor formation. Liver problems such as cirrhosis (which cause an increase in estrogen as liver metabolism is not possible) and thyroid problems also increase coefficients. And of course, the usual, such as smoking, alcoholism, overweight, obesity. "You must not leave any testicular problems, such as orchestration (scarring inflammation), or other discomfort or damage. In addition, in addition to treating your symptoms, you must thoroughly investigate the causes," added the doctor. And he insisted: "You do not need panic, it is about knowing and controlling the risk factors, contact your doctor as soon as the symptoms appear, and pay special attention to family history and tell the doctor you are listening to. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and / or surgery (in whole or in part) have the same chances of survival as women. Earlier diagnosis is what makes the difference because they improve the coefficients a lot if the problem is timely. "