Small but powerful. Thymus is a butterfly-shaped peace located in the neck above the clavicle. It controls many of the most important body functions and produces hormones that affect breathing, heart rate, digestion and body temperature. Next, we answered six key questions about this vital gastric metabolism.
What are thyroid problems?
When talking about disorders of the thyroid gland, the best known are: hypothyroidism (when the thyroid gland produces more thyroid than the body's needs). And thyroid dysfunction (when the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone). But they are not the only ones. In addition, there are other problems, such as a stroke, which is an enlarged thyroid; including thyroid cancer and nodules: stinging in the thyroid gland. And thyroid dysfunction: thyroid swelling.
What are the main symptoms of hyperthyroidism and thyroid dysfunction?
"The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism include muscle strength, insomnia, nervousness, tremor, palpitations, eye changes (rising eyes) and strokes, among other things," says Ana María Orlandi, head of the Endocrinology Unit of the Thyroid sector. Hospital Álvarez and Chairman of the Argentine Endocrinology and Metabolism Group.
And stresses the most common symptoms of thyroid: fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, severe constipation, drowsiness, generalized swelling, dry skin and brittle nails. "In either case, the symptoms may be rare in subclinical or severe illness when consultation or diagnosis is delayed and the change is progressing," he says.
What is subclinical thyroid disease?
Subclinical hypothyroidism is an image of a mild or monosympathetic hypothyroidism characterized by low TSH levels and normal peripheral hormones (T4 and T3). In contrast, subclinical thyroid insufficiency is mild hypothyroidism occurring with elevated TSH and normal peripheral hormones.
And how is it handled?
The treatment of these conditions will depend on the age of the patient, the biological moment, the relationship of pregnancy, the search for fertility, and other conditions. "Given these factors, treatment can be delayed, started gradually or in the same way as a thyroid disease," says Orlandi.
These diseases affect women more than men. Is that one? Why?
"Although the cause and effect combination has not been clearly demonstrated, it is believed that due to the fact that women have 2 x chromosomes, they would possibly have a double sensitivity sensitivity, which seems to be more apparent to the development of autoimmune-based thyroid disorders", explains the expert.
And how else do these diseases affect women's health?
Changes in menstrual cycles. Thyroid gland helps control the menstrual cycle. Depending on the amount of thyroid hormone, the period may be very rare, prolonged or irregular. Thyroid disease can also cause the menstrual cycle to go on for several months or even longer.
Is it also difficult to imagine?
Both hypothyroidism and hypothyroidism can make pregnancy more difficult. This is because the problems caused by the thyroid hormone can alter the balance of hormones caused by ovulation. In several studies, clinical or subclinical thyroid insufficiency has been observed in infertile women compared to controls in women. But so far, there are no data that can indicate the actual occurrence of infertility in these women.
Has it caused problems during pregnancy?
Thyroid dysfunction during pregnancy can cause mothers and toddlers health problems. For example, pregnancy in hypothyroid women is associated with more abortion and / or premature birth by an expert. Therefore, it is important that monitoring excludes or detects problems before pregnancy and during pregnancy.
What is postpartum thyroiditis?
It consists of thyroid inflammation after birth and affects 10 percent of women. People with postnatal thyroiditis often feel tired and sorry. It is important to know that this condition usually remains unnoticed because the symptoms are very similar to postpartum depression. It can also be premature menopause. If the immune system causes a disease of the thyroid gland, other glands such as the ovaries may be compromised. This may cause early menopause (the cycle stops before the age of 40).
LA NACIÓN (Argentina) – GDA