The phenomenon of antimicrobial resistance is the concern of health authorities. According to the OECD, big bacteria could kill 2.4 million people by 2050. However, simple measures can be taken to combat this scourge.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) warns of excessive consumption of antibiotics in a report published on Wednesday (November 7th).
Finally, antibiotic-resistant bacteria could kill 2.4 million people by 2050 in Europe, North America and Australia. Thus, urgency reduces the consumption of antibiotics. Here are four questions for more information on antimicrobial resistance.
What is antimicrobial resistance?
"Antimicrobial resistance is a bacterial phenomenon that becomes resistant to antibiotics", defines the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health. Bacteria that "make use of" this kind of drug treatment change and develop defense mechanisms. Result? Antibiotics become ineffective in treating these infections.
What are the causes of antimicrobial resistance?
Antibiotic resistance is due to excessive and recurrent use of antibiotics. Antibiotics work both with the bacterium that is being treated and the bacteria that are important for the body. All bacteria are therefore likely to have developed antibiotic resistance mechanisms.
What are the consequences of antimicrobial resistance?
"Antibiotic resistance threatens our current lifestyle and endangers all medical developments for over 70 years", reported on the website of the Ministry of Health. "If the excessive use of antibiotics is not stopped, antimicrobial resistance could be one of the world's leading causes of death".
Without effective antibiotics, the risk of medical measures such as surgery or chemotherapy would be too high and therefore impossible. Diseases last longer and can be serious complications.
Which population group is most affected by this scourge?
"The likelihood of getting a resistant infection is considerably higher for first-year children and adults over 70 years of age", announces the OECD press release. On the other hand, men are most likely developing susceptible infections.
How to stop antimicrobial resistance?
The OECD report shows that three out of four deaths from these infections can be prevented by simple measures: encouraging better hygiene (hand washing), justified use of antibiotics, rapid diagnosis of pediatric tests to determine whether they have viral or bacterial infections, delay antibiotic prescribing, information campaigns in the media.
⋙ WHO antibiotic notifications: how are they used?
⋙ Using antibiotics increases the risk of developing kidney stones
⋙ 6 misunderstanding of antibiotics