Mortality and new cases "have declined steadily since 1990" but have declined since 2005. In 2008, cervical cancer caused 1,117 deaths in France and 2 in France. 920 new cases were diagnosed.
In 2018, cervical cancer caused 1,117 deaths in France and 2,920 new cases were diagnosed, according to the latest official data released Tuesday by health authorities, which advocates better vaccination and more screening.
Mortality and number of new cases "Has declined steadily since 1990", According to the results published in the weekly epidemiological bulletin (BEH) of the French Public Health Agency.
In 1990, there were almost 4,000 new cases per year and a mortality rate of 3.1 / 100,000, compared with 1.7 / 100,000 last year. In both cases, however, the decline has slowed since 2005.
A new case high up on the Mediterranean
Compared to the national average, the number of new cases is particularly high "Around the Mediterranean (Bouches-du-Rhône, Var, Gard, Hérault) and Côte-d & # 39; Or", According to a study published in BEH.
On the other hand, it is quite worse "In the Loire (Loire-Atlantique, Maine-et-Loire, Mayenne) and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (Haute-Savoie, Savoie, Ain, Isère)".
In the OCTs, there are an average of 28 new cases in Guadeloupe, 25 in French Guiana and 26 in Martinique. If we report this number of cases to the population, it will give a higher tax rate to the metropolis of Guadeloupe and Guyana and similarly to Martinique.
Cervical cancer can be caused by infection with human papilloma virus (HPV), a very common sexually transmitted infection.
"Better coverage of HPV vaccinations, so far very poor (less than 25%) combined with an organized screening program based on the HPV test is essential to eradicate cervical cancer", emphasizes BEH.
Girls and boys?
In recent months, the importance of vaccines and screening has been repeatedly stressed by the French and world health authorities. Globally, cervical cancer has caused 311,000 deaths in 2018, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, and 570,000 new cases have been discovered, making it the fourth most common cancer in women, according to the WHO.
In France, the HPV vaccine is recommended for all girls between the ages of 11 and 14 (possibly girls between the ages of 15 and 19) and for men under the age of 26 who have sex with men.
"Establishing an organized school-based vaccination program, such as exists in many countries such as Australia, Canada, or Sweden, would increase vaccination coverage.", write in BEH's Catherine Sauvaget and Elisabete Weiderpass, Researcher and Director of the Circ, the WHO's Office for Research on Cancer.
Recommended vaccination for boys?
Health Minister Agnes Buzyn took up HAS last year to decide whether vaccination should be recommended to boys as well. In addition to cervical cancer, HPV may also be the cause of anal cancer and ENT cancers.
In addition, the health authorities launched last year a screening program for women aged 25-65, which is currently in operation. This program "The goal is to increase screen coverage to 80%", compared to less than 60% at the moment, according to BEH.
In July, HAS recommended that a virus test be used to screen women over 30, "Better" than the current cell research.
Cervical cancer. 1000 deaths and 3000 new cases in France in 2018Ouest-France.fr