According to Philip Hammack, a professor of psychology at the University of California at Santa Cruz, the 21st century is a gentle revolution by inspiring intimate and loving relationships.
Researchers should take these changes into account so that their research results are more convincing.
An article published in UC Santa Cruz can be read from Philip Hammack's analysis. "Queer Inmacies: A New Paradigm for Researching Diversity in Relationships" he uses the word "queer" to define all relationships that come from heteronormativity and monogamy.
The researcher of psychology emphasizes the smooth development of relationships. A single set of monogamous and heterosexual norms will be built and developed in the definition of intimate relationships since the 21st century, including polyamory groups, heterophileity or pansexuality, relationships or attraction models that are also more prominent and practiced.
From heteronormativity to heterophobia
Hammack is to legalize same-sex marriages in the United States in 2015, which will initiate the liberalization of these practices. Through legalization, the Supreme Court has symbolically encouraged people to fight to make various relationships known.
Following this legalization, many practices have been shown and improved. For example, we are seeing more and more heterosexuals, heterosexuals who do not recognize bisexual, are not close relationship with the same sex / gender.
Philip Hammack explains that heterophileism has always been less integrated into the female environment, but that the definition of sexual orientation is increasingly being used by men. Which leads to deconstruction of the "masculinity" codes.
The researcher also emphasizes the importance of the Internet in developing these intimate relationships. The tool enables both more information and communities to come together.
Although close and romantic relationships are often defined by sexual intercourse, visualization of sexuality enables these codes to be translated. Asexuality is that it does not feel sexual attraction to anybody.
Only until 2013, sexuality was removed from the manual of mental disorders diagnostics and statistics, indicating that the Western system has very limited relationship planning requirements.
Philip Hammack recalls that "kinky" or fetishistic relationships are also largely devalued in society and in scientific research. This is often for subcategories of researchers. Therefore, they are often left out.
This very normative model of intimate relationships prevents meaningful results from a changing society. Philip Hammack therefore urges researchers to expand their databases into intimate and romantic relationships.