The main risk factors for the development of Acanthamoeba keratitis are eye exposure to contact lenses for water, whether it is a shower, a sea, a bathtub, a jacuzzi and a swimming pool.
According to a report by BBC News, it should be noted that because the parasite wants to live in this environment, any drop can cause a threat. Failure to handle hand hygiene while handling the lens will also help with your pace.
Though rare, the disease is worried by more and more experts around the world. The latest alert was recently reported in the British Journal of Ophthalmology. In the analysis of data between 1984 and 2017, scientists found a country epidemic in 2011-2017.
Medical literature shows that cases were more frequent in the 1980s, especially in the United States and the United Kingdom.
"Today, we serve between two and three patients per week, which is a very large amount", says Denise de Freitas, a member of the Brazilian ophthalmologist (CBO), and professor of ophthalmology and visual sciences at the Paulista Medical Institute (EPM) of the Paulista Medical Institute of São Paulo (Unifesp).
According to an expert, Acanthamoeba spp. there is devastating potential. "It is so violent that it can lead to loss of eyeball", Warning.
The most severe patients (about a quarter of all) end up under 25% of the apparent or blinded after long-term treatment – can take up to 10 months. Overall, 25% of cases require corneal transfusions. There are still situations where it is necessary to remove the eyeball and replace it with an acrylic or glass eye.
Symptoms and Prevention
The symptoms of Acanthamoeba keratitis, which generally affect young and economically active populations, are inconvenient feeling, burning, itching, photophobia and tears in one or both eyes, which makes it easily confused with other eye diseases.
Acanthamoeba is the most important to avoid keratitis Do not expose it to water while wearing contact lenses, but store hand hygiene carefully at the location.
You should also dispose of a daily lens disinfection and cleaning solution, clean them daily for new solutions, replace cases every three months, and replace lenses at the manufacturer's specified times.
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