At the end of October, the European Parliament adopted a directive on combating pollution of unbalanced substances. Large retail chains are already sold.
Wastes except the oceans are a global problem. The European Union has decided to address this problem gradually and systematically.
photo: RitaE, Creative Commons license CC0
For limitations impurities by using disposable plastics most of the MEPs voted in the European Parliament. The European Council endorsed this intention later.
because the number of harmful plastic waste on the ocean and at sea is increasing steadily, The European Commission has proposed new EU rules for ten types of disposable plastic products likely to end in European beaches and seas, as well as missing and rejected gears.
New rules prohibit the use of certain disposable plastic products for which there are alternatives. In addition, concrete measures are taken to reduce the use of abandoned plastic products, especially those that we often face on European beaches.
These items together account for 70 percent of all marine waste. The new rules are proportionate and targeted to achieve the best possible results. Different measures are therefore applied to different products.
Plastic wasted on beaches
photo: hhach, CC0 Creative Commons license
If cheap and affordable options are available, the sale of disposable plastic products is forbidden. Products that can not easily be replaced, the plan focuses on their products by reducing national consumption, design and labeling requirements and manufacturers' obligations for waste management / waste disposal. Thanks to the new rules, Europe has a leading role in solving this problem with a global impact.
The Commission has proposed this the cost of removing pollutants was the result of the plastic producer. The Council wishes to extend this obligation so that it also applies to companies that import or sell such disposable plastic products or packaging to Europe.
Vice-President Frans Timmermans, who is responsible for sustainable development, said: "This is what the Commission has promised to be ambitious on important issues and leave the other Member States, with plastics waste so important and Europeans need to work together to solve the problem, as plastic waste finally comes to air, soil and ocean and our food. Some of these products are forbidden and we replace them with more environmentally friendly options for people to lose their favorite products. "
Vice-President Jyrki Katainen, who is responsible for jobs, growth, investment and competitiveness, added: "Plastics can be a great thing, but we have to use them more responsibly. Disposable plastics are not economically or ecologically ideal, and current models help businesses and consumers plan their sustainable alternatives, so Europe can be a pioneer in this activity by creating the world's products for the next decade and to gain more financial value from those low and low resources. Our goal in collecting plastic bottles also helps to create the required volume of successful plastics recycling. "
Plastic accounts for 85% of the world's waste globally. In the form of microplasics whose effects on human health are still unknown, they reach our lungs and our tables with air, water and food. Solving this problem is essential and can also bring new opportunities for innovation, competitiveness and job creation.
Companies gain a competitive edge: By adopting uniform rules throughout the Union, it will enable European businesses to achieve economies of scale and increase their competitiveness in the fast-growing global market for sustainable development.
With reuse systems (eg backup systems), companies can ensure a steady supply of high-quality material. When they are motivated to find a more durable solution, they can gain technological leadership in their competitors on the world market.
Different arrangements for different products
When measures on plastic bags were adopted in 2015, 72 per cent of Europeans said the use of restrictive plastic bags (Eurobarometer). Now the EU draws attention to ten different disposable plastic products and gear, which together account for 70% of waste in European sea areas. The new rules include the following measures:
The highly degradable plastic mesh forms a large part of the plastic waste in the oceans
photo: A_Different_Perspective, Creative Commons License CC0
Prohibition of Certain Plastic Products: If cheap and affordable options are available, the sale of disposable plastic products is forbidden. The ban applies to cotton yarns, cutlery, plates, straw, mixers and balloons made exclusively of durable materials. Disposable Plastics Drink bottles are permitted only if their caps and lids remain attached to the container.
Reducing Consumer Purposes: Member States shall limit the use of plastic food and beverage containers. For example, they can set national targets to reduce consumption, provide alternative products at the point of sale, or ensure that disposable plastic products are not offered free of charge.
Obligations of manufacturers: Manufacturers participate in the costs of waste management and cleaning and awareness-raising measures on food packaging, sachets and packaging (eg potato chips and sweets), beverage containers and jars, filters for tobacco products (eg cigarettes), wet napkins, balloons and light plastic bags. They also get incentives to develop less polluting options for these products.
The collection targets: By 2025, Member States will have to ensure that 90% of disposable plastic bottles are collected, for example through returnable deposit schemes.
Label requirements: Some products must have a clear and standardized label containing information on the removal of waste, the environmental impact of the products and the presence of plastics. These are sanitary napkins, wet napkins and balloons.
Training measures: Member States need to increase consumer awareness of disposing of disposable plastic and gear, as well as available reuse systems and waste management options for all these products.
What gears that accounting for 27% of all wastes on shores, the Commission intends to supplement the existing policy framework by introducing liability systems for producers of plastic-containing gear.
Manufacturers of these facilities must cover the collection, storage, transport and handling costs of waste. They also respond to awareness-raising measures. See new traps here.
The Commission proposals are now being submitted to the European Parliament and the Council for approval. The Commission invites the other institutions to address this issue first and to guarantee European citizens tangible results before May 2019 elections.
The Commission also launches the World Environment Day on June 5th a pan-European information campaigndraws attention to consumer choices and emphasizes the role of individuals in the fight against pollution caused by plastic and seabed.
Solving the EU waste problem is, however, only part of a wider global problem. However, thank you The European Union is at the forefront, is able to support global change – to work in the G7 and G20 countries and to implement the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
Today's initiative is the commitment of the European plastics strategy, namely to address the legislative measures of hazardous waste and harmful plastics waste, to which the European Parliament and the Council welcome both citizens and stakeholders.
The current directive is based on existing rules such as the Marine Strategy and Waste Framework Directive and complements other measures on marine pollution, for example in the port facility for waste collection and the proposed restrictions on micro and oxidizing plastics.
Banks in the River Drina in Bosnia and Herzegovina
photo: geraldsimon00, Creative Commons license CC0
It takes a similar approach to the success of the 2015 Packaging Packaging Directive, which has received a positive endorsement and has led to a rapid change in consumer behavior. The proposed directive brings about environmental and economic benefits. New measures, for example:
It avoids emissions by 3.4 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent without environmental damage, which would amount to EUR 22 billion by 2030. saves consumers € 6.5 billion.
Together with the new EU waste management rules and targets, new rules ensure clarity, legal certainty and economies of scale that Union companies must play a leading role in new markets for a variety of uses, new materials and better designed products.
Public consultation from December 2017 to February 2018 95% of respondents agreed that it is necessary and urgent to take action on disposable plastic materialsand 79% believed that the implementation of these measures at EU level would be effective. In addition, 70% of manufacturers and 80% of brands responded to the necessity and urgency of the measures. 72 percent said they were restricting the use of plastic bags, and 38 percent did so in the last year.
Sales chains have already reacted
IKEA is committed to using plastics that would otherwise end up in the ocean. The world's oceans have over 86 million tonnes of plastic. IKEA wants to be proactive and to prevent pollution of the sea by plastics.
He has therefore decided to take part in the NextWave initiative, which aims to use plastic waste before it reaches the sea. IKEA will therefore become part of the world's first supply chain, focusing on the use of waste plastics. The aim is to produce the first prototype products at the end of 2019.
IKEA also announced this year that by 2020, to stop all disposable plastic products. It is one of the initiatives that make IKEA a circle-shaped society by 2030.
To this end, IKEA has joined the NextWave initiative where private companies, scientists and non-profit companies bring their products they have started using as much plastic as possible to pollute the oceans.
Plastics, which we call "bound to the oceans" or molded pollutants, contain all plastics that are located 50 kilometers from the nearest water. And no matter whether it's a river, a lake or a sea. When such a plastic has not been removed, it takes time to open the sea to increase the current 86 million tonnes of plastic waste.
IKEA is committed to its sustainable development goals produce all products and packaging materials from renewable or recycled materials by 2030, which includes the gradual removal of plastic materials made from fossil raw materials.
IKEA's NextWave membership has made an important step towards this goal. At the end of 2019 he wants to introduce the first prototypes of plastic products that pollute the ocean.
"We want to see that converters that pollute the oceans will become commodities in the future, and we are also planning to take action to prevent plastics from entering the sea, and we hope that this membership will bring us new insights and innovations, and that we will be excited about joining other companies" more Lena Pripp Kovac, Sustainability Manager for Inter IKEA Group.
Lidl fights in the Czech Republic
This year's spring, Lidl Czech Republic announced By 2025, the number of plastics will be reduced by 20%. Now it is the first concrete measure.
In the first stage to discontinue disposable plastic products on all markets in the Czech Republic by the end of 2019. These include plastic straw, crockery, cutlery and disposable tableware, and plastic cotton bars.
Instead Lidl wants to offer its products for alternative and recyclable materials that have already cooperated with their suppliers. In the second stage, Lidl also eliminates the use of disposable plastic cutlery and straw in the field of fresh food and beverages for immediate consumption.
"Our plastic strategy has a clear goal: we want to avoid plastics, reduce quantity and recycle them, and by removing disposable plastic products from our offerings, we help reduce their use," commented Lidl's Managing Director Michal Farník.
Volunteers clean up the beach plastic wastes
picture: 3dman_eu, Creative Commons license CC0
Lidl ČR is of the opinion that the current amount of plastic products that they have already bought from their stores will continue to sell and then gradually switch to alternative materials. This will enable customers to continue to buy products they are accustomed to in Lidl.
Participate Reducing the consumption of plastics is one of Lidl's long-term commitments. As a global trading company, he is aware of his responsibility for the environment. It has therefore developed a comprehensive strategy to develop and implement various measures to reduce the consumption of plastics.
For example, in the Czech Republic, Lidl at its outlets he never offered disposable plastic bags for free and canceled sales a year ago. This led to a reduction in the consumption of disposable plastic bags by at least 27 million pieces, equivalent to more than 796 tonnes of plastic.
It is now working to contribute to the reduction of plastics and will continue and take the first steps to meet its commitment By 2025, it reduces the number of plastics in its own products by 20%.
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