Bram Stoker's research on "Dracula" without revealing the London Library


The London Library has revealed 26 books in its collection that are almost certainly the original copies that Bram Stoker used to explore and write his famous Gothic horror character Dracula, According to the London Library website. Using copies of Stoker's handwritten and written notes found in 1913, the London Library Development Director Phillip Spedding was able to find books from the library's collection. The notes list a number of sources Stoker used in his research, and hundreds of references to individual lines and phrases he considered important.

Spedding was able to use the notes and trace its references to books in the library. Detailed comments were found when reviewing the text, which matches the references in the notes. Stok's labels have underlays and crosses similar to chapters, page pages, and instructions for anyone who copies texts completely to Stoker's notes.

Stoker's two most powerful books are Wolverine-book by: Sabine Bearing-Gould and Pseudodoxica Epidemic Thomas Browne. In addition, some of the titles reflect Stoker's research on the geography and history of Transylvania, including A.F. Crosse & # 39; s Round the Carpathians and Charles Boner Transylvania.

The Library's arguments are supported by the fact that Stoker had a library of seven years of membership at almost the same time as he worked Dracula. Librarian Helen O & # 39; Neill stated that Stoker joined the library in 1890, which was the year when Stoker visited Whitby and the idea of ​​the novel began to spread. Stoker's last library membership year ended in 1897, a year ago Dracula was released. Henry Hill Caine, a novel dedicated to the "Hommy-Beg" nickname, is a member of the Stoker Library. Caine was then the bestselling author and helped Stoker to become the second lead writer after his successful career as Lyceum Theater Director.

"This is a very exciting invention," said Professor Nick Groom at Exeter University and a leading specialist in Gothic Literature.

"I have examined the books and their entries with Philip Spedding and I compared them with Bram Stoker's own notes. I do not doubt the fact that Bram Stoker used these copies Dracula – a book that took him seven years to write. They show that the London Library was one of the most influential novels in the world. "

Here is a complete list of books in the London Library, referenced by Bram Stoker's notebooks:

  • 1800s XVIII, Mme Emily de Laszowka Gerard, Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., July 1885
  • The Wolves Book, Sabine Baring-Gould, Smith, Elder and Co., 186
  • Pseudodoxia Epidemic, Thomas Browne, 1672
  • Magyarland, Nina Elizabeth Mazuchelli, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1881
  • Golden Chersonese, Isabella Bird, John Murray, 1883
  • Round out of Carpathian, AF Crosse, Blackwoods, 1878
  • Crescent track, Major EC Johnson, Hurst & Blackett, 1885
  • Transylvania: its products and its people, Charles Boner, Longman, Green, Reader & Dyer, 1865
  • Wallachian and Moldovan Heads of Account, William Wilkinson, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, 1820
  • Middle age curious myths (2 vol.), Sabine Baring-Gould, Rivington, 1868
  • Germany's past and presence (2 til), Sabine Baring-Gould, C Kegan Paul & Co., 1879
  • Legends and Superstitions of the Sea, Bassett
  • Origins of primordial superstitions, Dorman, Lippincott, 1881
  • Confidential Benefits and Attendance, W Jones, Chatto & Windus, 1880
  • Finnish folks, Rev W Henry Jones and Lewis L. Kropf, Folk-Lore Society, 1889
  • Superstition and power, HC Lea, Lea Brothers & Co., 1892
  • Sea Fables Explanation, Henry Lee, William Cloves & Sons, 1883
  • Anecdote of the habits and instincts of birds, reptiles and fish, R Lee, Grant & Griffith, 1853
  • The rest of the world; or, Supermatural flashes. Facts, records and traditions, FG Lee, Henry S King & Co., 1875
  • Letters of the most popular spells, Herbert Mayo, Blackwood, 1849
  • Devil: its origin, magnitude and decadence, Rev. Albert Réville, Williams & Norgate, 1871
  • Tarantasse Journey through Eastern Russia in Autumn 1856, W Spottiswode, Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts
  • anthology, W Spottiswode
  • Traité des Superstitions qui de Sacraments (4 vol.), Jean-Baptiste Thiers, Louis Chambeau, 1777
  • Phantom World: or, Spirit Philosophy, Apparitions & c. (2 vol.), Augustin Calmet, Richard Bentley, 1850
  • Land outside the country (2 vol.), E Gerard, William Blackwood & Sons, 1888

The following titles were not directly referenced in Stoker's notes, but also include corresponding entries and annotations to others:

  • Among the truths contained in the religions is the Mesmerism account, H Mayo, William Blackwood & Sons, 1851
  • The Magic and Astrology at Antiquité at au Moyen Age, Didier et Cie, 1860
  • Anecrated of animal habits and instincts, R Lee, Grant & Griffith, 1852
  • Sorcery and Magic puzzles(2 vol.), Thomas Wright, Richard Bentley, 1851
  • Things Not Known Generally. Popular errors explained, John Timbs, Kent & Co., 1858
  • Romania's past and present, James Samuelson, Longmans, Green & Co., 1882


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