In order to avoid Flunse, you must first protect yourself from the misconceptions of this contagious viral infection that people in everyday cold humans deprive people not only of their ability to work but even of life. Uga Dumpis, Specialist in Infectious Diseases at the Ministry of Health, explains the most common myths of the flu.
Myth No. 1 "In order to prevent the flu, strong immunity is enough"
"Most people are susceptible to influenza viruses irrespective of how strong or weak the overall immunity is. It is important that the influenza virus has special immunity after the flu has been removed or after vaccination, and if a person experiences a new type of influenza virus, there is a high risk of developing the disease. , so a completely new influenza virus, which is still called a pandemic, appears to have a far greater impact on humans, "says Dumpis.
"If anyone thinks – I can not get a flu, because I take vitamins and athlete, she should know – it does not work." Special immunity and human genetic features are associated with fatalities or non-immature diseases, and the risk of the disease increases with stress, fatigue, digestive disorders, unbalanced diet, overheating and cooling. On the other hand, the severity of influenza is determined by several factors, including the body response.
"There are cases where, due to strong immunity, the organism is" too active "to respond to influenza viruses and inflammatory processes cause more severe symptoms of the flu, which means that the disease is more serious, but in these cases, the immune system can improve the patient," Dumpis explains.
Myth No. 2 "Influenza Fears Can Be Healthy"
Such a statement has no evidence or can be scientifically justified, on the contrary, studies have proven to be reliable and effective vaccines. Vaccination can cause temporary reactions – fever, swelling and pain in the seam area, which lasts for up to two days.
So it can be convincingly said that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of influenza. "It costs both by comparing the price of vaccines to treatment costs and taking into account other personal financial losses associated with the illness, such as the use of a sick leave. Every year people die in Latvia who were able to protect the vaccine", Dumpis says.
Myth No. 3 "Pregnant influenza vaccine is particularly dangerous"
Absolutely the opposite! Pregnant women are at high risk and are recommended for vaccination, and the state compensates for the costs of obtaining an influenza vaccine for 50% of pregnant women.
"Influence is particularly dangerous for pregnant women because high temperature affecting the fetus adversely affects fetal development and endangers the benefits of pregnancy. It has been shown that pregnant women can be vaccinated at any time during pregnancy and will not adversely affect the newborn.
On the contrary, the baby gets the necessary proteins from the vaccinated mother. Doctors who have been given a non-infectious pregnant woman's recreation department will never want to face such cases in their practice. It's terrible if a pregnant woman needs imperial influenza because she has a recurrence! "Says Dump for flu-like effects.
Myth No. 4 "It makes no sense to vaccinate because we know what influenza virus this year will be"
Influenza viruses are very varied and therefore every year, to prepare for the new flu season, the viral variants are most common in the previous season around the world and what changes have occurred in the structure of these viruses. Depending on this, the World Health Organization makes recommendations on the composition of the vaccine for the next season in the northern and southern hemisphere.
Sometimes, a person who has been vaccinated against influenza may still be ill with influenza, especially if it is an elder or a person with impaired immunity.
Despite the fact that the influenza vaccine may not be able to protect the disease in all cases, it reduces the need for hospitalization with influenza and deaths to the patient and this is the most effective preventive measure.
Myth No. 5 "Influences can only gripe once a year"
People are likely to be afflicted with the most commonly occurring influenza virus or are dominant over that period and region. After flu, man becomes immune to influenza virus. Since the influenza season lasts from November to May and during the season several influenza viruses spread, there may be a flu, especially an unvaccinated person, since the vaccinated person is protected from at least three or four of the most common influenza viruses.
Usually, the epidemic begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools where they "exchange viruses" after the holidays, and the infection spreads rapidly to other populations.
Myth No. 6 "A person gets contagious when he first appears on the symptoms of the flu"
A person infected with a non – influenza virus spreads the virus one day before he or she begins to feel signs of illness – fever, bone loss, dry cough, neck pain, weakness and loss of appetite. It should be remembered that the infection is also distributed to seemingly healthy people or those with symptoms, as they continue to study, work and other public places.
The virus spreads in small drops, infected, coughed, even speech, or by touching shaking or touching home supplies. Infection can be very easy, for example by touching the door handle and then rub your nose or mouth with your dirty hand. When it gets into the airways, the virus breaks down quickly, and for a few days or even several hours, the person suddenly feels sick. To reduce the spread of infection, it is often necessary to wash your hands, clean rooms and avoid as many foreign public places as possible, especially during an influenza epidemic.
The material was prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control in a public awareness campaign "Do not let the flu catch you!" The campaign aims to encourage the influenza vaccination of the population and raise awareness of the importance of vaccination, especially in those populations with high risks of influenza-induced complications.