According to a published study on Monday, Nigeria, India, Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo would have a particular impact.
Pandemic kills nearly 11 million children under the age of five by 2030, if current trends persist, experts warned on Monday at the World Infection Day. Pneumonia is an acute lung respiratory tract infection caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi.
Which countries would suffer the most? Of this 10.8 million deaths, 1.7 million can only occur in two countries, in Nigeria and India, according to the American University's Johns Hopkins and Save the Children. 700,000 children died from Pakistan and 635,000 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, they add.
15% of child victims. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), it is the leading case of childhood mortality and "causes 15% of deaths under five years of age". WHO estimates that 922,000 less than one fifth child died of pneumonia in 2015 globally. "Prevention is possible through immunization, a satisfying nutritional state and improved environmental factors," says WHO.
Enhance immunization and intake of antibiotics. According to a published study on Monday, 4.1 million children could be saved by implementing a series of measures: to increase global coverage of immunization, to ensure availability of antibiotics and to improve the nutrition of children at risk. "It is impossible to think that almost one million diseases that we have the ability to overcome each year will die," says Kevin Watkins, director of Save the Children. "There is no global summit or march on pneumonia, but anyone who wants their children's health must keep this neglected killer as a priority," he said and demanded a sharp cut in vaccine prices.