Tuesday , April 20 2021

Mental health for children and adolescents

Reports at Jeddah's Fifth International Emergency Meeting

Jeddah: Dr. Abdul Hafiz Yahya Khoja

Jeddah's 5th Hope Complex, entitled "Towards Better Psychological Health for Children and Young People", started Thursday and conference sessions lasted for three days. Nawaf bin Abdul Aziz Al Harthy Jeddah, Director-General of the Al-Amal Hospital, said that the conference will include 60 experts from the United States, Britain, Lebanon, the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Gulf States, children and young people, children and young people, and experts on mental and psychological disorders and addictions. Providing 33 workshops to share experience and future planning and to take advantage of the mental and mental health and mental health of the child by developing an overall picture of physical and social needs.

Childhood and youth
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry for Children and Young People and Dr. Dr. Khalid bin Awad Bazid explained that the positive aspect of mental health is reflected in the health definition defined in the WHO Constitution, which states that health is completely physical, mental and social security, not only lack of illness or injury. Children and young people also enjoy great attention worldwide, especially in recent times, where the needs of this age group are emphasized globally, and emphasize the early detection of developmental and behavioral disorders as well as early intervention in comprehensive care.
Dr. Bazid adds that 20 percent of children and young people in the world suffer from disorders and psychological problems. It emphasizes that poor mental health is rapidly associated with social change, education, gender discrimination, social exclusion, illicit lifestyle, violence and rights.
More than half of all mental and psychological disorders begin before the breakup, mental disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity, autism, and other neuro-developmental disorders. Most of these disorders are not noticeable or delayed.
According to global statistics, depression is the third leading cause of mental and psychological disorders, and suicide is the second leading cause of death for a 15 to 29 year old age group as a result of traffic accidents. Alcohol, stimulants and drugs have also been found to increase in young people and even earlier, which is a clear threat to social, safe and economic levels, unless there is a responsible authority. These priority cases have been selected because they pose a significant burden on mortality, morbidity or disability and which have high economic costs associated with human rights violations.
Dr. Bazid refers to the use of Internet technology and intelligent devices and many useful aspects when used wisely and warns of the excessive use of the degree of dependence on the loss of young energies and the guidance on its usefulness and their impact on increasing nervousness and psychological pressure.
Saudi Arabia is not isolated from a world that has become a single village. Despite its religious and social characteristics, its children are exposed to these psychological disorders that have suffered others and their modernity. He emphasized the importance of mental health for his children and the Ministry of Health as priorities of the Ministry of Health in developing their future plans and launching healthcare initiatives with the "National Transition Program 2020" and "Vision 2030".

Psychological disorders
> Suicide is a global phenomenon. According to the WHO, suicide occurs not only in high income countries but globally in all regions of the world, in fact 75% of global suicide occurs in small and middle income countries. Statistics show that a person dies every 40 seconds in suicide everywhere in the world. Every year more than 800,000 people die of suicide at the end of their lives, and every suicide case represents a tragedy that affects families, communities, and the whole country, with long-term effects on the remaining. Suicide occurs at different stages of life. In particular, suicide is one of the world's leading cause of death among young people aged 15 to 29, worldwide. This is a risk indicator that requires immediate action and awareness on the seriousness of suicide and suicide attempts in public health issues and provides for the prevention of suicide by increasing the focus on the global public health program.

The child is fast irritating
Children are generally insecure and irritable, and this is not a concern for them, but this stormy behavior distinguishes young people and young people, even if it is harmful and distressing to both parents and family. The event involves a lot of demands, refuses to comply with the directives and is seldom calm and stable, but it can still be acceptable.
The psychiatrist's royal school has many factors and factors that make the child's activity more natural.
> Family history, as parents themselves suffer from depression and psychological anxiety, which prevents children from participating and listening to them, leading to the production of young people or young people with noise that draws attention to it.
> Incorrect behavior of home rules and rules, so the child can not control their behavior and actions.
> Mood. Children are born in different moods, while some are quiet and water, one is disturbing and modern to noise and unstable. In fact, he is not concerned, but needs to guide the parents to help their children fine-tune their behavior.
> Severe Learning Some children need to help their parents learn and continue their studies, while other children have no difficulty. Parents are encouraged to follow the first type of school and teacher.
I hear the difficulty. The cause may be an organic organ disease such as otitis media. It's hard for a child to hear what others are saying and he has to shout to hear him and can cause noise and noise.
> Food. Some kids are annoyed and rational when they are given food that they do not like or dislike. This situation is rare, but some children need to be taken into account.
The solution is that parents should feel that their children are treated and treated to make them calm and take care of the details of your life. The Royal College of Psychiatrists recommends:
– Choose one of the days of the week to spend the children and allow them time to empty their energy and let them go without restrictions.
– Try to encourage the children to praise him and to encourage him whenever possible, especially when you play alone quietly or when you play his favorite hobby, say to him, "You are a good ball player".
– Contact a psychiatrist if the child repeatedly refuses to eat a certain food or suspects hearing disability. Also ask your child's doctor for learning difficulties or hyperactivity because excessive behavior in a child's movement is always a problem for parents and the family.

For most children it is normal that during the second year urine during sleep, and this will continue until the fifth time they learn to control urine at night. This condition may occur in the fifth when the child is tired and tired or during a deep sleep or during the pain and may be a reason to drink too much before bedtime. If the case persists over six years of age, even once a week or if he or she is urinating after a break, this is abnormal and requires advice from a physician.
Why does the baby urinate during the day? Thirty percent of the children of nightmares do the same thing in the day, which is an embarrassing problem, especially when a child starts school and generally does not return to a school bath or for a long time to play and keep urine until school ends. This condition is detected in girls due to urinary tract infection, which is responsible for drug therapy.
Solution: Psychiatrists are generally advised to follow the simple methods that succeed in many cases such as:
– Do not blame the child or make him feel bad, and his actions are disgraceful, tense, and the problem becomes more difficult.
– Make sure the child does not take any stimulus or drink fluids before going to bed.
– Take the child to the bathroom before going to bed.
– Pray for the child to "do well" and reward him when he is spending the night without urinating himself.
– Contact your doctor if the situation persists.
Finally, Dr. Khalid Bazid emphasizes that prevention is better than treatment, so prevention should initially help build a flexible mind at an early age to reduce or prevent mental and psychological disorders of children and adolescents and adults by educating parents and teachers and introducing premature mental illnesses or Symptoms of Psychological Disorder.
It also emphasizes the importance of psychologists and social workers in schools and educational establishments offering psychological and social support and training for healthcare workers, especially in primary health care centers, in order to detect and deal with mental and mental health problems in children and adolescents.
Community drug consultant

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