"It's clear to anyone who puts his head under the waves that the fate of the world's coral reefs are hanging in balance," said UNEP chief Erik Solheim. "At present, these underwater and explosive explosions are facing an extremely dark future."
Coral reefs provide food and livelihood to hundreds of millions of people around the world, support over one quarter of the entire marine life and protect communities and coasts from natural disasters – and if urgent action is not taken, they can be lost forever.
Eight international organizations have joined forces to support decisive action to protect these natural wonders: UNEP, the International Coral Reef Initiative, the World Wildlife Fund, the Wildlife Conservation Society, Vulcan Inc., the Ocean Agency and the Secretariat of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD ).
"Coral reefs need better trade," says Solheim, who revealed a new partnership in Sharm El Sheikh in the Egyptian Coastal Center.
Tens of ministers whose countries are a party to the CBD will meet together with representatives of experts and civil society organizations to launch a two-year process to introduce a global framework for the protection of biodiversity, including coral reefs worldwide.
The conference, which opened on Tuesday and continues on November 29, is a platform for decision makers over 190 to engage and step up efforts to halt biodiversity loss and protect the health and nutrition, water and ecosystems. the security of billions of people around the world.
Coalition expectations can not be higher. The protection of the coral reef must be a global priority. The need for coral reefs is better.
Erik Solheim, Director, United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
In addition, governments, private companies, non-governmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations; indigenous peoples and local communities; youth and civil society; is expected to commit itself to supporting the 2011-2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity.
The latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), published in October 2018, warns that although we can achieve stable global surface temperatures to 1.5 ° C before the industrial level, 70-90% of the coral reefs have been lost mid-century. Continuing climate change will not cause even greater losses, the report warns.
Climate change, however, is not the only major threat that the reefs will face. Overcrowding, pollution and coastal development have caused major coral losses over the past 30 years.
Reducing these threats can help restore the most resilient ribbons after impact – such as bleaching events due to the average seawater temperatures due to global warming.
"I am glad to see that the coral reefs in question receives the attention it deserves. We are now approaching the 2020 horizon and we need to pay attention to the effective protection and support those who are dependent on the coral reefs," said Monaco's Prince Albert II.
"The International Coral Reef Initiative, which I plan to hold in Monaco in December, is an important step and I hope it will lead to the adoption of a practical, effective, ambitious and realistic agenda," he added.
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