Sit-stand desks reduce day-to-day sitting time and can improve work performance and engagement, British study suggests.
Scientists who have been studying 146 national health care workers found that one year after the planting stock, a coaching program was used together with the employee's session time over an hour a day. In addition, users at the seating level had improvements in work performance, job engagement, and recovery from work-related fatigue.
"Replacing only a daily session may be beneficial in many ways to health and can be a cost saving for the employer," Dr. Charlotte Edwardson, chief research officer, told Reuters Health on email.
All days sitting on a "desktop" are associated with health problems such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and previous death, the authors wrote in BMJ.
77 participants participated randomly in the so-called SMArT Work, where employees receive a height-adjustable workstation, as well as instructions on how to use it, set goals, self-control and quick tool. and coaching sessions. The remaining 69 volunteers continued their work on traditional, non-adjustable workstations.
Sitting time was measured using a device that had passed the thigh at the beginning of the study and again after three months, six months and 12 months. Participants also responded to queries about job assignments, engagement, mood and quality of life.
At the beginning of the study, the participants in both groups sat on average for almost 10 hours a day. In comparison with standard workstations, the seats provided 34 minutes less per day after three months, 59 less days after six months, and 82 less days a year later.
The intervention team also showed improvements in work performance, engagement, fatigue, daily anxiety and quality of life. They also had less musculoskeletal disabilities.
However, there were no differences in the days of sickness.
Improvement suggests that this approach can produce a sustained decline of more than 12 months, which is indispensable for public health, at Glasgow University, Dr. Cindy Gray wrote in the accompanying editorial.
Gray pointed out, however, that over 12 months the participants were still on average six to eight hours a day, which is still unhealthy.
The restriction of the study, which the authors admit, is that it was implemented in one organization.
The level of physical activity of users in the session display area remained unchanged. As they sat to a lesser extent, they simply stood more, giving less health benefits compared to light exercise exercises.
Yet writers say that such a measure – by combining environmental change with other strategies, such as education, self-supervision and short coaching – deserves further research.
"We do not say, do not sit, we all have to sit," Edwards told Reuters Health. "But it is in balance right between how much time we are sitting and how much time we spend with our feet."