BRATISLAVA, November 13, 2018 (WBN / PR) – Children, adults, pregnant women, passengers, people with more infections and infectious diseases suffer from professionals – all need vaccines to protect their health and life. If the protection of the population by vaccination fails, there is an epidemic – as is the recent mosquito disorder in Eastern Slovakia in May 2018. There is evidence that the reduction in vaccination would cause serious and unpalatable threat to public health, unnecessary illness and death.
At the turn of the twentieth century, the greatest health threats were infections and parasitic diseases, which most often require the lives of babies and children. After the vaccination has been introduced, life expectancy has increased by 15 to 25 years. Recovery of life continues and evidence shows that it has significantly contributed to the management of the disease due to vaccination. Vaccination can now prevent contagious diseases and in the horizon there are new vaccines that can prevent other communicable diseases. Bulk vaccination programs have proven to be successful in controlling or even eliminating the disease. History shows that reducing vaccine coverage is opening up the way for the disease to recur to the already protected population. Due to the stable and high inoculum coverage, the disease is extinct and some can be completely extinct. Despite the success of an independent vaccine work, 1.5 million people die each year of preventative diseases. According to the WHO, vaccines are the most important means of permanently reducing morbidity and mortality permanently associated with influenza pandemics. Each influenza attacks about 3.5 million people every year, resulting in 650 000 deaths. In 1990, infectious diseases were 33% of all deaths, in 2010 it was only 25%.
Vaccines are also one of the most cost-effective health investments, in addition to preventing death and suffering. Vaccination has significantly reduced the company's financial burden on communicable diseases. In addition to protecting animals and reducing disability, vaccination may also lessen the healthcare system pressure less frequently visits to doctors and hospital care; and also reduces downtime and loss the productivity of different diseases. Vaccination can help prevent contagious infectious diseases. It prevents them from moving among people and expanding the population. Some people can not be protected by vaccination. For example, children who are too small to be vaccinated, a weakened immune system that is not compatible with all vaccine intake, and vaccine sufferers (e.g., cancer). Vaccination can also provide "collective protection" for those who can not be vaccinated. The most important part of vaccines are antigens, an active ingredient in vaccines. Stimulates / stimulates the immune system to create resistance. Adjuvants are similar in operation. They promote immune system stimulation. Together they form the active substance of the vaccine. Vaccines may also contain very small amounts of other substances that do not stimulate the immune system and are therefore inactive. They are secondary and contain in particular antibiotics, preservatives and stabilizers. The antigen is administered to the organism in a vaccine (vaccine) in various forms such as live attenuated virus particles, killed virus particles or only parts of viruses, surface bacterial antigens or antigens inside the bacteria.
There is compulsory and voluntary vaccination in Slovakia. The mandatory vaccine is to be vaccinated against 10 diseases, preferably 13 other diseases, 4 of which are the traps of the vaccine. Vaccination for diphtheria, tetanus, blackheads, polio, hepatitis B and hemophilia-invasive diseases is mandatory for vaccination of children in addition to regular mandatory vaccinations, including measles, rheumatism and rubella vaccines. As part of regular mandatory vaccinations, adults must be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus.
Experts in the development of vaccine plans are based on professional knowledge, years of experience, SRV and surrounding countries, ECDC recommendations, the European Center for Disease Control and the World Health Organization (WHO). In Slovakia, the most successful preventive program is National immunization program. Its objective is to protect public health by reducing illness, removing and destroying infectious diseases, and ensuring effective and safe immunization of children and adults.
Any reduction in vaccination reduces the effect of collective protection, which increases the risk of epidemics and threatens the most vulnerable. No matter, you do not have to vaccinate against illnesses that will not happen! Collective protection is also important for national security. Free movement of EU citizens and increased immigration affect the safety and health of the Slovaks. The rate of vaccination against measles in Slovakia decreased by less than 95% in four regions: Bratislava, Trenčiansky, Banskobystrický and Košický. One of the unpleasant consequences for this year was in Eastern Slovakia an epidemic of measles when it affected 428 people!
If the parent does not abandon compulsory child vaccination without serious medical or other doctors, he will be fined a total of 331 euros. However, compulsory vaccination does not impose fines for its ban, but for the prevention of contagious diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. Mandatory vaccinations are for all children in Slovakia and are covered by public health insurance. Due to the strict compliance with the obligation to vaccinate, Slovakia has so far achieved a high degree of vaccination and hence the protection of the population against diseases included in mandatory vaccines.
An important period of vaccination is also pregnancy. The immunity of the woman and the functioning of her body affect certain changes during pregnancy, which facilitates the emergence of contagious diseases. Before a pregnancy woman should have all the mandatory vaccinations so she can protect her and baby. Live vaccines should be given at least one month before the planned pregnancy. The most important thing is vaccination with sheep's kittens if their wife does not survive. Live vaccines can also be given just before pregnancy and, if necessary, during pregnancy. Every pregnant woman should vaccinate the influenza yearly from October to December and vaccinate diphtheria, tetanus and black cough (dTap) vaccination on 28th-37th. Pregnancy week. During pregnancy, the flu may cause serious complications for the mother and the fetus, including death. In 2009, six pregnant women died of SARI's influenza pandemic in Slovakia, up to 46.15% of cases! Immediate transmission of maternal and child influenza during pregnancy is rare, but is the cause of miscarriage in the first trimester. Influenza virus causes the hemisphere. Mother's influenza is associated with fourfold fetal tumor – fetal tumors when their absolute numbers are low. The Infected Influenza mothers' children are lagging behind in their infancy. Postpartum vaccination is also important for mothers and children. The modified mother reduces infant infection. The fact that pregnancy is born immediately after birth is safe for the mother, even if she is breastfeeding. A woman who has not been vaccinated with tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy should be vaccinated immediately after birth unless she has been vaccinated for the last five years.
In certain cases Slovakia has been vaccinated against groups of people whose risk of infection has been or have increased, Decree 585, 10.12. Of the Slovak Ministry of Health. 2008, which provides for the prevention and control of communicable diseases. For example, people who have come into contact with tuberculosis, meningitis or viral hepatitis A. Compulsory vaccines are also people living in a common household with hepatitis B diseases and rabies that are obliged to vaccinate people who have come into contact with animals. Anti-pneumococcal infections are mandatory for people to invest in social services.
There are also professions where certain vaccinations are mandatory. Tuberculosis vaccines are for example doctors, laboratory workers or asylum workers. Epidemiologists, soldiers, members of the prison and legal guardian, firefighters and others are being vaccinated against hepatitis A. Hepatitis B vaccine is expected to be received by hepatitis B vaccine teachers in health sciences, social workers, employment offices, social affairs and families, municipalities, children's social and legal security insurances and social workers. Violence against rabies is mandatory for workers in virological laboratories for rabies which are workers of imminent remedial facilities. and sharks. Wrinkle-induced vaccination is mandatory for staff of virological laboratories working with tickle-type inflammatory virus. Other vaccines are recommended for other groups of people and professionals.
Slovakia is committed to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), which is the development of the immunization program and its financial sustainability. Vaccination is part of the European Antibiotic Resistance Program. The state has the responsibility for the health of citizens, especially children, the elderly and marginalized groups. It is our duty to protect our health in this way!