More than 90 percent of all diabetes in the world is of the second type of diabetes mellitus, which, according to experts, affects the lifestyle and the environment in particular.
It had already been said to be diabetic, but it is already present in children and adolescents. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity", says Zbynek Schroner, vice-president of the Slovak diabetes association (SDS). He added that overweight and overweight young people have Poor food with abundant energy-consuming, low-fat foods.
"We are talking about the so-called Coca-Colonization of the Lifestyle style" says Schroner. He thinks that an important element is a child seat system. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes differs in different countries. We can say a significant growth in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. Europe's second type of diabetes mellitus is mostly in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western Europe, but according to Schroner, a growing number of cases also occur in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia is rarely present. "But we are worried that this situation will get worse," he says.
The basis for prevention and treatment is not drugs, but not pharmacological measures, ie a healthy diet and exercise. "An excellent role playing with parents leads children to the right housing. It is very important for children to have a physical hobby, so a good choice is not to exercise on a bicycle, but for example skating, dancing or a dog " says Schroner. However, it adds that it is important for diabetes to be a whole society.
"Genetics allow another type of diabetes, but they do not do it" says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not sufficient for the occurrence of the disease. "Risk factors such as the prevalence of diabetes in the family or elevated blood sugar are important. An increased risk also occurs in older women with diabetes who have high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past or previously " added Doničová.
Patients with a risk factor must be tested once a year. Also, in patients without risk factors, it is advisable to test the blood glucose level every three years. According to the 2002 Diabetes Prevention Program, people with elevated blood sugar decreased the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared to patients without any active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start eating habits or change food," says SDK chairman Katarina Rašlová. It also attaches importance to people's awareness of healthy foods.