Sunday , April 11 2021

The CIA considered a potential truth serum for terrorist victims

WASHINGTON (AP) – Immediately after 9/11, the CIA considered using a drug believed to be acting as a serum of truth and forcing a terrorist suspected of giving up on possible attacks.

After a few studies, the agency decided that the drug called Versed, sedative sedative, prescribed to reduce anxiety, was "perhaps worth a try". Eventually, the CIA decided not to request state lawyers to accept its use.

The existence of a drug research program – named "Project Medication" – is revealed once in a classified report submitted to the US Civil Liberties Union in the order of a judge and published by the organization on Tuesday.

A 90-page CIA report forwarded to The Associated Press is a window to the internal struggle that the staff of the Agency's detention center and a hard examining program will have to adapt their professional ethics to saving lives by preventing future attacks.

"This does not mean that doctors are sadistic or something like that," said ACLU lawyer Dror Laden. "But that means they were involved because this pseudo-scientific torture could not have happened without the involvement of doctors."

Between 2002 and 2007, CIA physicians, psychologists, medical assistants and nurses were directly involved in the interrogation program, the report said. They estimated, followed and cared for 97 at 10 in the secret CIA facility abroad and followed more than 100 flights.

The CIA ultimately decided not to request the Ministry of Justice to approve drug-based interrogations, saving the CIA doctors "some major ethical concerns," the report said. For months, the Ministry of Justice had signed a brutal hearing technology, including sleep disorder, small space closures, and simulated dropping methods known as waterbuses. The CIA's counter-terrorism team "did not want to raise any other issue with the Ministry of Justice," the report said.

Prior to executing Versed, the report reported that scientists were investigating drug Soviet experiments and the CIA discredited MK-Ultra program from the 1950s and 1960s on human experimentation with LSD and other mind-altering drugs as undesirable individuals as part of a long search for something truth serum form. These tests were widely criticized and some experts suspected of being an effective substance.

"But decades later, the agency reconsidered the experiment of people to test pseudo-scientific theories about their anxieties about their prisoners," Ladin said.

Versed is a brand for sedative midazolam, which was used since the late 1970s and which is now widely marketed. It causes drowsiness and relieves anxiety and restlessness. It can also temporarily weaken memory and is often used for small-scale cuts or medical procedures such as colonoscopes that require sedation, but not complete anesthesia. It's a class of anxiety medicines called benzodiazepines that affect brain chemicals that soothe the function of neurons.

"Versed was considered to be potentially probed if an unambiguous legal sanction came first," the report said. "At least two legal obstacles were: the ban is being tested by a medical trial for prisoners and the ban on" drug-modifying drugs "or" profound change of senses ".

These issues disputed after the CIA decided to ask the Ministry of Justice to give it a green light. "At the beginning of 2003, the Office of Medical Services, informally" Project Medication "was abandoned, never reactivated," the report said.

The CIA had no comment on the publication of the report, but state lawyers at the end of last year stressed that the explicitly-drafted "draft" report was only one of the agent's views on the detention and interrogation program. The document is not a "final official history or assessment program of the CIA or the Medical Unit", lawyers wrote.

ACLU spent more than two years in court trying to get the report published. In September 2017, a Federal Judge in New York ordered the CIA to surrender it. Government lawyers tried three more times to keep the information in the report hidden, but ACLU received most of the report in August. The government is still struggling to keep the parts secret. They have to register consortia at the federal appeal court in New York on Wednesday, claiming that the judge ordered too much to be released.

Although the CIA's harsh interrogation program ended in 2007, ACLU believes that it is important to continue publishing documents, especially after President Donald Trump announced during his campaign that he would approve by interrogating suspected terrorists suspected of being involved in a water jet now under US law and "hell worse" .

CIA leader Gina Haspel, who was involved in overseeing the secret detention facility in Thailand, where the prisoners were detained, told the Senate at her confirmation meeting that she was "not in favor of the use of intensified hearing techniques for any purpose".

The report mentions many cases in which a medical person expressed concern or protected the health of prisoners. The report said that those who had been cast on the wall – a practice called "wall structure" – had their neck protected from wrinkled towels. When one arrested who had been wounded during the capture was confined to the box, he did not consider forcing his feet to a position that would "endanger the wound healing". Medical assistants are guided in the corridor over the restrained mouth during flight because airborne disease can lead to vomiting and possible recovery.

At the same time, the medical office report said that the waterfall was not "naturally painful". It said that "physical discomfort from a random conjunction" was, but two abstainers who suffer from the largest waterborne accusations complained of "the pain of the arrest warriors".

This is contradicted by the Senate's 2014 report on the CIA interrogation program, which found that Abu Zubaydah, a suspected al-Qaida operator who was pulled over 80 times, "cried, asked, invoked, vomited, and needed medical resuscitation when they were pulled . "

Some medical staff from the CIA called the water bottle "a bit more than an amateur experiment" and others worried that the practice would wake up sound waves that could at least temporarily hamper speech or breathe.

At the same time, other medical personnel argued that water publications really "offered regular relief" to prison because it was forcing long pauses to pause. The Agency's medical staff also said that the harsh interrogation program was "soothingly lasting physical or psychological effects."

Dr Sondra Crosby, who has been subjected to torture victims, including two who were held in the CIA secret places, disagreed.

"The sustained pain and suffering experienced by the CIA survivor's experience is huge, including severe and complex post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, physical illness and psychosocial dysfunction," said Boston University Medical and Public Health Crosby. "At least one arrested was tortured to death, their physical and psychological scars sustain their entire lifetime."


AP's medical author Lauran Neergaard of Washington participated in this report.

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