Monday , August 2 2021

The physicists used Einstein's proportionality to successfully predict the Supernova explosion




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This NASA / ESA Hubble space telescope image shows the prospects behind the galaxy cluster (1995, top left), present (2014, lower right), and the foreseeable future (which came to the end of 2015) Refsdal supernova. MACS J1149 + 2223.NASA, ESA, S. Rodney and FrontierSN Team; T. Treu, P. Kelly and GLASS Team; J. Lotz and Frontier Fields; M. Postman and CLASH team; and Z. Levay

Throughout the universe, matter and energy curve the space with the dramatic effects of the fabric.

An example of gravity masks shows how background galaxies – or a light path – are distorted in the presence of a missing gap, such as the foreground galaxy cluster. The "space tissue" analog is only analog and is not physically relevant, but the curved light paths are verifying observations.NASA / ESA

The masses are most concentrated in quasars, large individual galaxies, and huge galactic clusters.

HE0435-1223, located in the center of this wide field scene, is one of the top five quasars found to be found so far. The Etualgalaxy creates four almost evenly distributed images of distant quasars around it.ESA / Hubble, NASA, Suyu et al.

Sufficient massive, sufficiently distorted space gets light & nbsp; travel & nbsp; along multiple routes & nbsp; arrive at the same destination.

Six examples of strong gravity lenses discovered and photographed by the Hubble Space Telescope. Arches and annular structures are capable of measuring both dark matter and overall proportionality by reconstructing the mass and distribution of mass and comparing it with the background of the observed background.NASA, ESA, C. Faure (Zentrum, Astronomy, University of Heidelberg) and J.P. Kneib (Laboratoire d 'Astrophysique de Marseille)

These & nbsp; the masses behave like gravitational lenses and give rise to more stretched, magnified images of background residues and galaxies.

Hubblen, UZC J224030.2 + 032131, the galaxy described herein does not have five separate components, but is just a central, diffused light source. The four light surrounding the light is due to the bending and stretching of the space caused by the gravity flight and producing the Einstein cross described here. This picture is probably the sharpest Einstein cross ever found.ESA / Hubble and NASA

When & nbsp; -object and background source are targeted to a specific shape, a quadruple image is generated.

Zoom in with supernova iPTF16ge with gravity. Indoors show the foreground lens galaxy and from the top right there are many images of the supernova of lenses, as found with the Hubble Space Telescope and the Keck telescope / NIRC2 instrument.SDSS; ESA / Hubble & amp; NASA; Keck Observatory; JOEL JOHANSSON

With a slightly different lighting matrix, the brightness and arrival time of each image are unique.

When an observatory considers a strong mass source such as a quasar, a galaxy, or a galaxy cluster, it can often find several images of lenses, magnified and distorted background conditions due to the bending of the space with the foreground mass.ALMA (ESO / NRAO / NAOJ), L. CAL & Ccedil, ADA (ESO), Y. HEZAVEH ET AL; JOEL JOHANSSON

In November 2014, a quadrupled lensed supernova was detected, showing just this type of targeting.

In November 2014, a serendipitously-aligned background with Galaxy was found in the foreground galaxy within the galaxy cluster found. The backdrop of the galaxy's supernova was over 9 billion years ago, and all four of the photos came in almost all at once.NASA, ESA and S. Rodney (JHU) and the FrontierSN team; T. Treu (UCLA), P. Kelly (UC Berkeley) and GLASS Team; J. Lotz (STScI) and the Frontier Fields Team; M. Postman (STScI) and CLASH Team; and Z. Levay (STScI)

Although one galaxy was four times the galaxy, it was part of a huge galaxy cluster with its own strong lenses.

A color image of the galaxy cluster MACSJ1149.6 + 2223, with critical curves for sources z = 1.49 on the red alteration host galaxy. An original that was released in the Science Magazine in 2015. The fourfold image of Supernova was just one of three places where the same galaxy was identified.P. L. Kelly et al., Science (2015): Vol. 347, no. 6226, pp. 1123-1126

In the rest of the cluster there are also two similar galaxy images.

The distant galaxy of the background galaxy is so serious that the intermediate, galaxy-filled cluster that all three independent images of the underlying background with significantly different light runes can all be seen.NASA & ESA

According to Einstein's general proportionality, one image should have been supernova in 1995, the second one should appear at the end of 2015 or early 2016.

This illustration describes gravitational lenses and several illuminated paths that light may come to the same target. Given the great cosmic distances and massive masses in the game, the arrival times may differ as little as between hours or even decades between images.NASA, ESA and Johan Richard (Caltech, USA); Acknowledgments: Davide de Martin & James Long (ESA / Hubble)

On December 11, 2015, the predicted supernova appeared and was detected quickly.

The image on the left shows a part of the observation of the depth of the MACS J1149.5 + 2223 cluster of the Frontier Fields program. The circle indicates the predicted location of the newest appearance in the supernova. At the bottom right corner, Einstein's cross-section from the end of 2014. In the top right corner of the screen, you will see Hubble's findings from October 2015, taken at the beginning of the observation program to see the supernova's latest appearance. In the lower right corner of the screen, Refsdal Supernova is found on December 11, 2015, as many models predict.NASA & ESA and P. Kelly (University of California, Berkeley)

The combination of this gravitational lens, dark matter, and general proportionality confirms a modern image of the universe.

The mass of the galaxy cluster may be reconstructed from the available gravity lenses. Most of the mass is not found within the individual galaxies that appear in this peak, but within the intergalactic medium within the cluster where the dark substance appears to be. Refsdal's supernova time delay observations can not be explained without the dark matter in this galaxy cluster.A. E. Evrard. Nature 394, 122-123 (July 9, 1998)


Mostly, muting Monday tells about an objective, phenomenal or event of images, images and up to 200 words. Speak less; smile more.

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This NASA / ESA Hubble Space Telescope describes the latest views (1995, top left), present (2014, lower right) and the foreseeable future (which came to the end of 2015) Refsdal supernova views of the galaxy cluster MACS J1149 + 2223.NASA, ESA, S. Rodney and FrontierSN Team; T. Treu, P. Kelly and GLASS Team; J. Lotz and Frontier Fields; M. Postman and CLASH team; and Z. Levay

Throughout the universe, matter and energy curve the space with the dramatic effects of the fabric.

An example of gravity masks shows how background galaxies – or a light path – are distorted in the presence of a missing gap, such as the foreground galaxy cluster. The "space tissue" analog is only analog and is not physically relevant, but the curved light paths are verifying observations.NASA / ESA

Masses are most concentrated on quasars, large individual galaxies and huge galaxy clusters.

HE0435-1223, located in the center of this wide field scene, is one of the top five quasars found to be found so far. The Etualgalaxy creates four almost evenly distributed images of distant quasars around it.ESA / Hubble, NASA, Suyu et al.

Sufficiently massive, sufficiently distorted space gives light to run along several routes along the same destination.

Six examples of strong gravity lenses discovered and photographed by the Hubble Space Telescope. Arches and annular structures are capable of measuring both dark matter and overall proportionality by reconstructing the mass and distribution of mass and comparing it with the background of the observed background.NASA, ESA, C. Faure (Zentrum für Astronomie, University of Heidelberg) and J.P. Kneib (Laboratoire d 'Astrophysique de Marseille)

These masses behave like gravitational lenses, resulting in several stretched, magnified images of background rays and galaxies.

Hubblen, UZC J224030.2 + 032131, the galaxy described herein does not have five separate components, but is just a central, diffused light source. The four light surrounding the light is due to the bending and stretching of the space caused by the gravity flight and producing the Einstein cross described here. This picture is probably the sharpest Einstein cross ever found.ESA / Hubble and NASA

When the lens and the background source are in a certain shape, a fourfold image is created.

Zoom in with supernova iPTF16ge with gravity. Indoors show the foreground lens galaxy and from the top right there are many images of the supernova of lenses, as found with the Hubble Space Telescope and the Keck telescope / NIRC2 instrument.SDSS; ESA / Hubble & NASA; Keck Observatory; JOEL JOHANSSON

With a slightly different lighting matrix, each image's brightness and arrival time are unique.

When an observatory considers a strong mass source such as a quasar, a galaxy, or a galaxy cluster, it can often find several images of lenses, magnified and distorted background conditions due to the bending of the space with the foreground mass.ALMA (ESO / NRAO / NAOJ), L. CALÇADA (ESO), Y. HEZAVEH ET AL; JOEL JOHANSSON

In November 2014, a quadrupled lensed supernova was detected, showing just this type of targeting.

In November 2014, a serendipitously-aligned background with Galaxy was found in the foreground galaxy within the galaxy cluster found. The backdrop of the galaxy's supernova was over 9 billion years ago, and all four of the photos came in almost all at once.NASA, ESA and S. Rodney (JHU) and the FrontierSN team; T. Treu (UCLA), P. Kelly (UC Berkeley) and GLASS Team; J. Lotz (STScI) and the Frontier Fields Team; M. Postman (STScI) and CLASH Team; and Z. Levay (STScI)

Although one galaxy was four times the galaxy, it was part of a huge galaxy cluster with its own strong lenses.

A color image of the galaxy cluster MACSJ1149.6 + 2223, with critical curves for sources z = 1.49 on the red alteration host galaxy. An original that was released in the Science Magazine in 2015. The fourfold image of Supernova was just one of three places where the same galaxy was identified.P. L. Kelly et al., Science (2015): Vol. 347, no. 6226, pp. 1123-1126

In the rest of the cluster there are also two similar galaxy images.

The distant galaxy of the background galaxy is so serious that the intermediate, galaxy-filled cluster that all three independent images of the underlying background with significantly different light runes can all be seen.NASA & ESA

According to Einstein's general proportionality, one image should have been supernova in 1995, the second one should appear at the end of 2015 or early 2016.

This illustration describes gravitational lenses and several illuminated paths that light may come to the same target. Given the great cosmic distances and massive masses in the game, the arrival times may differ as little as between hours or even decades between images.NASA, ESA and Johan Richard (Caltech, USA); Acknowledgments: Davide de Martin & James Long (ESA / Hubble)

On December 11, 2015, the predicted supernova appeared and was detected quickly.

The image on the left shows a part of the observation of the depth of the MACS J1149.5 + 2223 cluster of the Frontier Fields program. The circle indicates the predicted location of the newest appearance in the supernova. At the bottom right corner, Einstein's cross-section from the end of 2014. In the top right corner of the screen, you will see Hubble's findings from October 2015, taken at the beginning of the observation program to see the supernova's latest appearance. In the lower right corner of the screen, Refsdal Supernova is found on December 11, 2015, as many models predict.NASA & ESA and P. Kelly (University of California, Berkeley)

The combination of this gravitational lens, dark matter, and general proportionality confirms a modern image of the universe.

The mass of the galaxy cluster may be reconstructed from the available gravity lenses. Most of the mass is not found within the individual galaxies that appear in this peak, but within the intergalactic medium within the cluster where the dark substance appears to be. Refsdal's supernova time delay observations can not be explained without the dark matter in this galaxy cluster.A. E. Evrard. Nature 394, 122-123 (July 9, 1998)


Mostly, muting Monday tells about an objective, phenomenal or event of images, images and up to 200 words. Speak less; smile more.


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