After more than 300 million kilometers, NASA's InSight mission arrives on the surface of Mars today and installs a seismometer and a thermal sensor that illustrates the deep interior of the so-called "red planet".
This solid module, which left the Vandenberg Air Base in California on May 5, uses a mechanical excavator to drill up to about 5 feet (16 feet) deep and measure its internal temperature inside the seismograph.
"It's the first task that explores the deep inner part of Mars," says Fernando Abilleira, deputy director of InSight's planning and navigation, and part of the mission-creating multidisciplinary and international team.
"By studying the waves under the surface of Mars, through its seismometer, we have more information on how it has developed over the last 3 billion years, he added.
Abilleira has been working for NASA space projects for 17 years and is a part of engineers and scientists who are investigating the "vital signs" of this agency (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA) in the neighboring world, such as its "pulses, temperature", on Monday.
He added to Spain that "precision monitoring" is being monitored until "reflection" of two years of "primary experiments" that the operation implies.
Extending knowledge on the formation of Seismic Seismic Experiment for Interior Architecture (SEIS), Mars, and other solar system, such as the Earth, is being prepared by the CNES and detects "no movement on the surface of Mars", Abilleira said.
The vibrations recorded by SIX can be due to the impact of a meteorite or a small earthquake, even though the seismic activity of the "red planet" is smaller than the Earth. "When examining the movements of the wave that they spread under the surface of Mars, we can better understand the composition, core structure, mantle, and shell of our planet," he added.
Another important tool is the Physical Properties and Heat Flow Meter (HP3), which is built from the German Space Center (DLR), which is planted in Mars soil at depths of about 5 meters.
"This device has thermal sensors that collect information on the heat activities of our red planet," said Abilleira, who stressed that Spain has participated in this operation at an environmental station (REMS) equipped with meteorological sensors in the environment of Mars.
This spacecraft trajectory and the robot's "Curiosity" path that arrived on the red planet in August 2012 states that "landing on Mars is very complex".
"The atmospheric entrance speed is about 20,000 miles per hour and in less than 7 minutes we have to reduce the speed to 5 kilometers per hour," said Abilleira, Missouri, Saint Louis University.
After more than six months, the InSight broadcast exceeds Monday, Monday afternoon, more than five, marshalling atmosphere and landing on the surface. Robotic brushes land on Mars's ground-based scientific instruments.
The Insight mission is expected to provide clues as to how the solar system originated 4,600 million years ago.