Diabetes has become a public health problem in the world and in Peru about 1.4 million people over the age of 15 suffer from this illness according to figures from the Ministry of Health (Minsa).
This illness is due to the growth of blood glucose (sugar). After diagnosis, it is important for the patient to maintain adequate control as it may involve other organs such as the eyes, kidneys and the brain, said Dr. Hector Palacios, MD, MD.
"Diabetes directly affects eyes that affect the various areas of this body, but to a greater extent in the retina. Damage to this layer causes diabetic retinopathy, eye irritation that occurs when high blood sugar causes retinal blood vessel damage," he said.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 1% of the world's leading visual impairment is due to diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy causes initial damage to the retina vasculature, microaneurysm, microhemorrhage and even macular inflammation, a central part of the retina that allows reading and seeing the figures.
On the other hand, in advanced cases, the organism creates new vessels in trying to supply blood; However, they are abnormal and do not provide the proper blood flow.
In addition, the disease may be caused by Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 causes an immune system problem, while Type 2 develops at any time from the patient's life and its appearance is related to eating habits and lifestyle.
What to do?
Palacios explained that treatment of this illness is a cut. At present, there are two methods: laser photocoagulation (which destroys retinal abnormal structures) and vitrectomy (a technique that removes the eye's lumen filling glassy, transparent gel).
In addition, there are medicines that inhibit the formation of abnormal blood vessels that are applied to intravitreal injections (within the eye).
On the other hand, if patients are examined in good time and consistent with established treatment guidelines, less than five percent of diabetics develop into a serious sight loss.
That is why the specialist advised diabetics for regular follow-up with their endocrinologist. He also said that it is important to carry out studies often, as the expert points out.
Finally, he proposes a balanced diet, the use and avoidance of alcoholic beverages. This clinic organizes a campaign to diagnose diabetic retinopathy in diabetic patients from 12 November to 30 November.