As the world is on Wednesday at Diabetes Day, readers are asked to eat healthy, to consume more fresh fruits and vegetables.
They should also try to avoid / reduce fatty foods and use at least 30 minutes per day. Routine health check is another important factor.
Doctors describe diabetes as a chronic, non-communicable disease with constantly elevated blood sugar, hyperglycaemia. Diabetes occurs either when the pancreas, the body's body, does not produce enough insulin, leading to type 1 diabetes or when the body is unable to effectively use insulin that results in type 2 diabetes.
Dr. Modupe Akinyinka, Lagos State University College of Medicine (LASUCOM), senior medical and primary health care adviser described insulin as a blood glucose hormone.
"Hyperglycaemia or elevated blood sugar has a common impact on uncontrolled diabetes, which over time leads to severe damage to a number of body systems, especially in the nerves and blood vessels," he said.
Akinyinka explained that the government can help prevent diabetes by encouraging citizens to eat healthy and engaging in public health campaigns by providing opportunities for the environment, such as sidebars and cycling routes, so that people can use more, increase tobacco taxes and enforce "no smoking in public law.
He said: "The causes of type 1 diabetes are not clear, but type 2 risk factors are excessive weight, obesity and physical passivity, lack of exercise.
"Symptoms of diabetes include excessive secretion of urine (polyuria), thirst, polydipsia, constant hunger, weight loss, visual disturbances and fatigue.
"Type 1 diabetes is more common in younger subjects, whereas type 2, which was more common in adults, has become more common among young people due to lifestyle. Women may have more risk factors such as overweight but prevalence Both sexes vary in population.
"Preventing diabetes involves achieving and maintaining healthy body weight, increasing weight management requires people to avoid eating sugars and saturated fats, and using tobacco for smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Chukwuma Ogunbor, a consultant family physician, explained that diabetes mellitus could be categorized into four main groups based on the cause.
He said: "Type 1 diabetes, for example, is a result of the body's immune system, which usually protects the body against parasites, insect pups and insulin-producing organs, which results in absolute absence of insulin, preventing adequate intake and blood glucose levels. has a strong genetic predisposition, which is about 10 percent in diabetic patients.
"The second group is type 2 diabetes, which is a disorder of the lifestyle of many modern societies so that it has reached the epidemic proportions. The biggest determinants are growing age, obesity, ethnicity and genealogy diabetes.
"It exposes such a disease known as insulin resistance and insulin dysfunction, which means that the available insulin does not function enough to clarify blood glucose, which is 90% of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus may be caused by pancreatic diseases such as pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and tumors. Such drugs can also cause antihypertensive drugs, beta-blockers, thiazide, steroids, anticonvulsant hinetoin, immunosuppressive agents, and antipsychotics.
"The third group is developing pregnancy diabetes during pregnancy, with effects on pregnancy and baby health.
"However, it can be controlled by eating healthy foods, practicing and, if necessary, taking prescription medicines. Blood glucose management can prevent difficult births and keep both the patient and the baby healthy.
"Blood glucose usually returns to normal shortly after a pregnancy diabetes, they are at risk of type 2 diabetes.
"The fourth group is uncontrolled in blood glucose-tolerant individuals who can cause heart disease, heart attacks, kidney disease, visual disturbances, erectile dysfunction, tingling and numbness in the limbs, stroke and susceptibility to infections and wounds development or progress to the point at which amputation can be considered.